FY20 gross margin, increased by 43 bps to 35.2%. Higher NSR per unit case, limited or no increase in certain raw materials, and cost efficiencies offset unfavorable package mix and change in spare parts' amortization period. Excluding the effect of cash designation, margin expansion would have been 250 bps in FY20. If the spare parts amortization is excluded, margin expansion would have been 335 bps.
FY20 gross margin of Turkey declined by 282 bps to 39.3%. Without the cash designation impact, gross margin would have increased by 169 bps. Excluding the shortening of spare parts' useful life, gross margin would have increased by 193 bps. Cost efficiencies and higher sales prices resulted in 360 bps margin expansion to 32.2% in FY20 despite challenging conditions in our markets.
The EBIT margin, increase was 226 bps in FY20, thanks to the continuation of cost-cutting and operating with a leaner SKU portfolio. Excluding cash designation and spare parts impact margin increase was 517 bps
EBITDA margin, increased by 282 bps to 21.8% an all-time high margin for CCI with our commitment to revenue growth management and disciplined cost control. Turkey operation's EBITDA margin, excluding the impact ofother income/(expense) decreased by 108 bps while increased by 343 bps excluding the cash designation impact. International operation's EBITDA margin excluding the impact of other income/(expense) increased by 489 bps to 24.3%.
In FY20, the net financial expense including lease payables related to TFRS 16 was TRY (289) million compared to TRY (335) million in FY19. The lower net financial expense in FY20 despite the 24% devaluation of TRY against USD (devaluation in 2019 was 13%) was due to the successful decrease of FX short position.